Types & Appearances
- Segmental Vitiligo (SV): Occurs on one side of the body in a specific pattern. It usually starts early in life, stabilizes quickly and then remains unchanged for the rest of the life or for several years.
- Non-Segment Vitiligo (NSV)
- Generalized: Patches distributed on both sides of the body in a symmetrical manner.
- Acrofacial: Affects face and extremities (Lip-Tip variant: patches are seen on the fingertips and lips)
- Universal: Affects almost the entire body, with a few spots/islands of pigment.
- Focal: A few spots of depigmentation on one anatomic area without any specific pattern.
- Mucosal: Involving only the mucosa (mouth and genitals)
Mixed Vitiligo – Segment & Non-segmental: This is uncommon and is a recently recognized variant, where any of the above patterns can occur in combination.
Complete re-pigmentation is unlikely with medical therapies. Surgical treatment gives the best results. Recurrence and spread in same segment is possible but rare.