Types & Appearances

  1. Segmental Vitiligo (SV): Occurs on one side of the body in a specific pattern. It usually starts early in life, stabilizes quickly and then remains unchanged for the rest of the life or for several years.
  2. Non-Segment Vitiligo (NSV)
    1. Generalized: Patches distributed on both sides of the body in a symmetrical manner.
    2. Acrofacial: Affects face and extremities (Lip-Tip variant: patches are seen on the fingertips and lips)
    3. Universal: Affects almost the entire body, with a few spots/islands of pigment.
    4. Focal: A few spots of depigmentation on one anatomic area without any specific pattern.
    5. Mucosal: Involving only the mucosa (mouth and genitals)

Mixed Vitiligo – Segment & Non-segmental: This is uncommon and is a recently recognized variant, where any of the above patterns can occur in combination.

Complete re-pigmentation is unlikely with medical therapies. Surgical treatment gives the best results. Recurrence and spread in same segment is possible but rare.

Segmental Vitiligo

Segmental Vitiligo

Generalized Vitiligo

Generalized Vitiligo

Focal Vitiligo

Focal Vitiligo